Prescription stimulants are medications generally used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and uncontrollable episodes of deep sleep due to narcolepsy. They increase alertness, attention and energy. Stimulants are a class of drugs that accelerate the messages that travel between the brain and the body. They can make a person feel more awake, alert, confident, or energetic.
1.Stimulants are a kind of psychoactive drug that increases activity in the brain. These medications can temporarily raise alertness, mood, and awareness. Some stimulant drugs are legal and are widely used. Prescription stimulants are used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), narcolepsy, and sometimes obesity.
These medications increase attention, alertness, energy, and focus. Stimulants are used to treat attention deficit disorder, narcolepsy and, in some cases, obesity, depression, or asthma. Medically, cocaine is used as a local anesthetic. Previously, clinical stimulants were more widely used until their high potential for abuse was discovered; they are now heavily regulated and over-the-counter stimulants require a signature to purchase them.
Stimulants diverted from medical use are generally abused because of their ability to improve both cognitive and physical performance, while illicit stimulants, generally manufactured in laboratories, are used because of their ability to create a “high”. Common stimulants include cocaine, amphetamine (Adderall), methamphetamine, methylphenidate (Ritalin), 4-methylmethcathinone (mephedrone), and 3,4-methylenedioxyrovalerone (MDPV or “bath salts”).